Mass incarceration; the new jim crow

mass incarceration; the new jim crow; how history has impacted modern america


  1. Go back to the research topic statement that you prepared in Module 2.
  2. Review this piece of writing, along with any instructor comments you received.
  3. Use this, along with additional thoughts you have gathered from your Documents Analysis Essay and Book Review, to write a thesis statement for your final research essay. Consider this statement to be as close to your final thesis as possible. It should include a cause and effect statement. For guidance on preparing the thesis statement, please consult Mary Rampolla's advice on Developing a Thesis Statement in chapter 4 of A Pocket Guide to Writing in History, particularly pp. 55-57. You also might want to visit the ESC online writing center's page on Research Writing or the Purdue University Online Writing Lab for Tips on Writing Thesis Statements. After you have developed the thesis, start to construct an argument. Look at Rampolla chapter 4 for guidance on supporting your thesis, as well as the links cited above. 
  4. The thesis and argument together should be about 250-400 words in length. Place them at the top of the bibliography that you prepared for Module 4. You are now ready to begin writing the annotated bibliography.
  5. Purdue University's Online Writing Lab defines an annotated bibliography as "a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources" one uses for researching a topic. Historians and scholars of many other academic disciplines prepare annotated bibliographies to organize materials and thoughts, outline papers, and develop arguments. We will use the annotated bibliography as a means for developing your thesis and argument. Please do the following:
    • Prepare a summary statement of 200 to 250 words for each of the sources in your bibliography. The statement should summarize the source and it should explain how that particular source will support your thesis and argument.
    • You may include one or two key quotes from the source in your summary statement (which also is known as an annotation) as well as biographic material about the author, if that material is relevant to your research essay's topic.
    • Keep the annotated bibliography organized in alphabetical order for now. You will, however, probably want to start organizing your resources differently in the body of your paper as you start to do the final writing.

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